How to give first aid to your dog?

 


Helping the dog

Providing first aid to your dog means dealing with injuries and other health problems for your pet at home. The following steps should be taken: know how to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation in dogs if necessary; have a first-aid kit for a dog; write down the numbers of your veterinarian and the nearest veterinary clinic for speed dialing on your home and / or cell phone.

 In some cases, it is not difficult to provide an ambulance, and you can handle it yourself. Sometimes a veterinary ambulance service may be required and the problem may need to be addressed immediately. Prepare your dog for transport in such a way as to minimize the chance of further injury, then take him to a veterinary clinic.

 

In any case, you, as the owner, should know the following:

*symptoms;

 *possible reasons;

 *what is recommended to do in order to help the animal;

 *what is not recommended to do;

 *when to go to the veterinarian or transport the dog to the veterinary clinic.


Insect bites

*Symptoms: Skin redness and / or swelling.

 Possible Causes:  Bites from mosquitoes, ticks, spiders and other insects.

*Recommended:

 1- Try to identify the type of insect.

 2- If you see a stuck sting, remove it immediately.

 3- Make an ointment with baking soda and water and apply it to the affected area.

 4- Apply ice or a cold compress to the affected area to keep swelling and pain to a minimum. You can use special anti-itch lotions and give your dog an antihistamine such as diphenhydramine if your veterinarian recommends it. For small dogs weighing up to 12 kg, the dose is 10 mg, for medium dogs weighing from 12 to 25 kg - 25 mg, for large dogs weighing more than 25 kg - 50 mg.

 5- Make an appointment with your veterinarian.

 *Not recommended:

 1- do not try to remove a stuck sting in the same way that you remove a splinter. This can lead to more toxicity.

 2- do not give your pet an antihistamine if he is unconscious.

In what cases veterinary assistance is required:

 3- Take your dog to the veterinary clinic immediately if it shows symptoms of an allergic reaction, such as a swollen face and neck or shortness of breath.

 4- If your dog is in shock.

 

Other animal bites

Symptoms: non-ruptured abscess, red or blue, and swelling; a breakthrough of an abscess with an unpleasant smell of pus; loss of appetite; temperature above 39.5 ° C; lethargy.

 Possible reasons: attacks and fights with other animals.

*Recommended:

 1- Control bleeding.

2-  If you witness an attack, try to find out if the attacking animal has rabies and has been vaccinated against rabies.

 3- If your dog has an abscess or wound, trim the hair around the wound and rinse the wound with water.

*Not Recommended: 

Do not try to catch the attacking animal.

 When veterinary assistance is required: immediately transport the dog to the veterinary clinic. Let's hope your dog is vaccinated against rabies. Although you are vaccinated against rabies, you should contact your veterinarian as soon as possible in order to prevent infection.


Bleeding

Possible causes: animal bites, fights with other animals, injuries.

*Recommended:

 1- Cover the wound with sterile gauze or clean cloth and press it against the wound.

 2- If the bleeding continues and blood is flowing out of the wound (indicating an artery injury), squeeze the area just above the wound with your hand. If blood is oozing from the wound but not spurting out, squeeze the area below the wound.

 3- If the wound is still bleeding, apply a pressure bandage of gauze or other soft tissue. Check the wound periodically to prevent swelling.

 4- If the limb is injured but not broken, lift the injured limb above the dog's heart to slow the bleeding.

 5-Apply tourniquet if blood spurts from the wound and continues to bleed after following recommendations 1 through 4. Apply a tourniquet from a piece of gauze or cloth above the wound. Make a loop and insert a stick into it. Rotate the stick until the bleeding is under control. Remember to loosen the tourniquet for 2-3 minutes every 30 minutes to allow blood to flow into the limb.

 *Not recommended:

 1- do not remove gauze or cloth from the wound, as this may dislodge clotted blood and cause bleeding again.

 2- do not squeeze the neck of an animal with head injuries.

3- When veterinary care is required: immediately transport the dog to the veterinary clinic, if the bleeding cannot be stopped, if the wound needs to be cleaned, it is necessary to put stitches if there is a foreign body in the wound.

 


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