Small Dog And Its Influence On Training And Education


How often do we, living under the same roof with our pet, suddenly discover one or another of his reactions that surprise us. Owners of several dogs will definitely say that each of the dogs has its own temperament, character and habits. And if one small dog lends itself easily to training and training, jumps and runs all day, frolicking, then the other loves to lie on the couch and day-day looks at the patterns on the carpet, does not show any interest in tricks and jumps. “Maybe the second dog is sick?” You ask. Nothing like this! It's just that all animals have a different temperament, which influences their behavior and determines the reaction to external stimuli . Let's take a closer look at what psychotypes of dogs are identified by psychologists, and how these psychotypes affect the behavior of a small dog.

Temperament types of small dogs

As in humans, 4 types of temperament are distinguished in dogs - choleric, sanguine, phlegmatic, melancholic. Each of them has its own advantages and disadvantages, but, of course, affects the behavior of the dog in everyday life and its ability to learn.


Choleric (excitable type)

Dogs of this type, as a rule, are unbalanced, excitable, unrestrainedly courageous. They are often aggressive. A choleric dog is easy to train, quickly memorizes commands. However, inhibition reflexes, that is, the ability to restrain their impulses, are developed with difficulty. Dogs of this type are prone to nervous disorders. When training and raising dogs of small breeds of the psychotype "choleric", these features should be taken into account. Due to training errors, the dog can become uncontrollable. The main task of the owner is to use the learning ability of a small choleric dog to instill in it the ability to control reactions.You must always be on the alert, have a stock of measures to suppress unwanted behavior if the dog goes beyond what is permitted.


Sanguine (movable type)

This type of character of a small dog lends itself best to education and training. Like a choleric type dog, a sanguine dog easily learns new things, but at the same time has a balanced character and well-developed inhibition reflexes. This contributes to the long-term consolidation in the memory of not only basic commands, but also complex combinations of commands, which is often beyond the power of a choleric dog. Of course, this type of character is also characterized by playfulness and liveliness, but a sanguine dog is not prone to aggression and mood swings.


Phlegmatic (inert type)

Small dogs of this type are characterized by amazing endurance and outward calmness. They respond well to training, however, they take longer to master the commands than dogs of the excitable and mobile type. But the advantage is that once learned is firmly fixed in memory. Don't underestimate the little phlegmatic dog, thinking that it is emotionally cold. This is a big mistake. A small dog of an inert type is characterized by strong emotions and deep feelings, but they remain at the bottom of the soul, rarely splashing out. If the owner picks up the key to the soul of a small pet, he will receive a devoted friend in his person.


Melancholic (brake type)

This is the only psychotype of a small dog that is considered completely unsuitable for training. Small dogs of this type have a completely unbalanced ratio of arousal and inhibition reactions. A sharp sound, voice can bring the dog to a stupor, fainting and nervous breakdown. These nervous reactions are by no means temporary. The psyche and nervous system of this type of small dog is fragile and needs to be protected. As a rule, small dogs of this type become "decorative" pets.


The type of dog's temperament is very important to consider when choosing a training method. By understanding your dog, you will be able to feel exactly how it needs to be influenced in order to achieve what you want. It is much more interesting not to go ahead, using stereotyped methods of training and education, but to be able to find an approach in the dog, to interest her in your joint activities.


Features of temperament and ability to train

In addition to the types of temperament , there are also other character traits of small dogs , which directly or indirectly affect their ability to train. Let's pay attention to such important character traits as:


Introversion - extraversion

It is very important to understand who your little dog is: introvert (oriented inward, towards loneliness) or extrovert (oriented towards communication, attention to oneself). An extrovert dog will happily follow commands, wanting to please the owner, and an introverted dog, due to its fearfulness, may have problems with commands such as "Voice!" or refuse to perform long-familiar simple commands in public. Introverted dogs are not very well suited for any exhibition events: it can be stressful for their psyche.


The ability to dominate

Before starting training, you should understand who your little dog is: a leader or a subordinate. The whole success of training and education depends on how correctly you will be able to determine this. You will know how to prepare yourself for what problems in the process of training a small dog. Thus, a leader dog is likely to be reluctant to carry out commands that require its subordination: "lie down", "place". This is sickening for her desire to dominate. At the same time, the dog-subordinate is elementary to execute the same command, since this command does not infringe upon its pride.


In order for the process and result of training and education of a small dog - be it a Russian one or a Chihuahua - to be successful, it is necessary to take into account the whole complex of factors that form the psychotype of the dog .


Of course, in order to determine the psychotype of a dog, it is necessary to live with it for a certain period of time. It will not be possible to immediately penetrate into the depths of the soul. But if you are able to understand the psychotype of your pet, you can not only teach him commands, but, more importantly, find a common language with him, come to an understanding of each other, and be imbued with sincere love.

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