What Types And Amounts Of Healthy Foods Should You Provide For Your Pet?

 




When you own a pet, the most important thing on your mind is its health and safety, and the most important thing that guarantees the health of your furry friend is a healthy, balanced diet! So how do you choose good food for your pet?


Healthy food for cats or dogs

When you own a pet, the most important thing on your mind is its health and safety, and the most important thing that guarantees the health of your furry friend is a healthy, balanced diet! So how do you choose good food for your pet?

Feeding for animals is done in a gradual way, just like humans, there is the stage of infancy, childhood, youth and old age, each stage has its own diet, and the more adhered to, the more beneficial the feeding for your pet.


Lactation stage:

It begins in cats and dogs from birth until two months of age, and their feeding is limited to breastfeeding from the mother during the first 4 weeks of life, after which the children gradually switch to solid food until the completion of 8 weeks, after which the childhood stage begins.

At this stage, the cat is breastfed several times from its mother. In the absence of the mother and you have a cat at this critical stage of life, you can breastfeed him with milk for nursing cats as follows:

·        * Once every 3 hours, including nights, for ages 0 to 10 days.

·       * Once every 6 hours, including nights, for ages from 11 to 21 days.

·        * Once every 8 hours for ages from 22 to 35 days.

Of course, these are the simplest methods of feeding, and there are more strict methods, and then the cat will be able to drink the milk by himself, you will leave him a bowl of milk near him and he will drink whenever he wants.

During the age stage from 0 to 20 days, the cat cannot excrete its litter by itself, so a light massage for a full minute must be done for the exits using a cotton cloth and the cat will excrete its litter at that time.

Of course, cats of any age should not be given regular milk. Regular milk contains lactose, and cats cannot digest it, which causes digestive problems. Therefore, if you want to give milk to the cat, make sure that it is without lactose.

The same is true for dogs, there is milk for baby dogs and the same steps we follow with cats can be followed.


Junior Childhood:

It starts from weaning (about 8 weeks) and ends with the completion of 12 months, in which the nutrition of the Junior is the basic and there are several types of ready-made foods in the markets directed to this category due to the fact that most breeders raise cats and dogs during this stage of their lives.

Junior foods consist of relatively large amounts of protein exceeding 35% with 9% mental, in order to help the cat or dog build muscle and create a healthy and strong body in order to live a better life after becoming an adult, but the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) says that the food of the Junior Junior should have at least 22% protein and 8% fat.

Those who do not like ready-made foods can feed their pet home food, and the best thing that can be offered is boiled chicken or steamed sardines for cats, as for dogs, any kind of red meat or poultry can be served to them, the most important thing is that it be cooked well so that it does not form Intestinal worms in your pet and to remove the suspicion of the presence of any parasites in the meat served to him.

The age of puberty is very important (generally starting from the fifth month of life in cats and dogs) because in it the physical structure begins to appear clearly, and for this the amount of food that the cat or dog will require during this period will increase and therefore it should not be fed more than necessary to avoid obesity problems because it Lead to heart problems and health problems in general in the future.

To avoid obesity or overeating issues, you can provide 3 meals a day for cats and 2 meals a day for dogs.


Adult stage:

The age of youth generally begins after the twelfth month of life, when growth stops and the animal’s body becomes fully developed after the sixteenth month, but there are types of cats such as Ragdoll or Maine Coon that continue to grow until the fifth year of life, and also large types of dogs such as A Mastiff does not grow until it reaches its twenty-fourth month.

Young food is a little lower in protein and most of the protein in eating is about 28% with 8% fat, but the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) says the minimum protein for adult food is 18% with 5% fat, and you can find The information about the nutritional composition on the food box that you buy for your pet will help you very well to determine its quality well.


Senior:

This special stage of the life of cats and dogs generally begins after the seventh year of age and continues to death. Small dogs reach the age of about 18 years, while large dogs such as mastiffs often do not exceed 8 years old, while cats have an average age between 10 and 15 years that varies according to The type, as well as its age may reach over thirty in rare cases.

In the old age, your pet must receive special care, because at that time his body will start to get tired, especially if it is one of the species that does not exceed 10 years in its average life. Here you must feed your dog or cat a homogeneous food for adults, and do not give your animal Junior food if He was overweight, because as already mentioned, the Junior food contains more proteins and mentals, which means more energy, and this energy is not suitable for the body of Seniors if they are overweight because it may cause health problems later.

But if your pet is of an ideal weight, it is okay to feed him Junior food from time to time, just do not rely on it completely.

Of course, there are foods that are prohibited for cats and dogs, and we can mention them:


For cats :

·          Cow's milk and its derivatives (because it contains lactose and causes indigestion for them with diarrhea, if you give the cat milk, make sure that it is lactose-free)

·         Alcoholic beverages (may cause serious liver problems)

·         Chocolate (may cause several problems, most notably heart problems)

·         Raw meat, fish, and uncooked eggs (may cause parasites and sometimes salmonella or E. coli)

·         Grapes and raisins (may cause poisoning)

·         Onions and garlic (prolonged consumption may cause anemia)

·         Salt and spices (very dangerous to health and salt may cause kidney and bladder stones)


For dogs :

·         Alcohol (for the same reasons cats)

·         Apple seeds (very toxic because they contain cyanide)

·         Chocolate (it's toxic to dogs just like any other sweets)

·         salt and spices (very dangerous)

·         Grapes and raisins (cause severe poisoning for dogs)

·         Onions (may cause poisoning)



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